Upupa epops

Although rarely seen in the UK the Hoopoe is common throughout southern Europe, Africa and Asia.



What does a Hoopoe look like?

A hoopoe has a pinkish-brown/beige body with black and white striped wings which are broad and rounded in flight. It has a pinky-brown crest on its head with black tips and whilst normally laid flat, is very prominent when displayed fully erect. It has a broad white band on the outer part of the wing with black wing tips and a small white rump. Its short dark legs and slightly curved bill are ideal for foraging for grubs and other food directly off the ground. Whilst surprisingly difficult to spot whilst on the ground, in flight it transforms into an exotic bird with dazzling wing patterns with its wings closing only halfway and in a wave like pattern similar to a butterfly. Juveniles tend to be duller in colour.

<p><strong>Hoopoe </strong>(Credit <a
href=@danielleneedhamphotography IG)

" height="900" width="1200" class="js-lazyload object-cover h-full w-full rounded" >
<p><strong>Hoopoe Portrait </strong>(Credit <a
href=@danielleneedhamphotography IG)

" height="900" width="1200" class="js-lazyload object-cover h-full w-full rounded" >

Hoopoe Portrait (Credit @danielleneedhamphotography IG)

What does a Hoopoe sound like?

Similar to the cuckoo the hoopoe gets its name from its call. A soft, low resonant poo – poo – poo or hoo – hoo – hoo sound repeated often.

Hoopoe calls, Interaction calls and flight call

Stanislas Wroza, XC560383. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/560383.

What does a Hoopoe eat?

The hoopoe is predominantly a ground feeder foraging for insects, spiders, grubs, seeds and even small frogs. Occasionally it will also feed on berries.

For a more in-depth guide to the diet of a hoopoe, check out this article.

Did you know?

The hoopoe is the national bird of Israel having been chosen from tens of thousands of votes in 2008.

Hoopoe in flight

Hoopoe in flight

Where can I see Hoopoes?

Although hoopoes rarely breed in the UK up to 100 birds may arrive in April and May during their migration from sub-Saharan Africa. They are normally only found along the south coast of England as single birds alone, resting and feeding before recommencing their long journey to their breeding grounds in the warm climes of southern Europe. If you are lucky you may also see a hoopoe on its return to Africa during September to October. Spain has by far the largest European population of hoopoes.

Signs and Spotting tips

Difficult to spot whilst ground feeding around hedges and tall grasses they can be spectacular in flight particularly when the late spring sunshine catches the bands of startling white feathers surrounded by black. Often when landing hoopoes will momentarily raise their fan-shaped crest. When nesting they prefer crevices or holes in vertical cliffs, walls or trees. Hoopoes can often be found laying on the ground sunbathing!

How does a Hoopoe breed?

You are very unlikely to find hoopoes breeding within the UK; it has been reported that as few as ten pairs have bred on our shores over the past 200 years.


How long do Hoopoes live for?

The life span of the hoopoe varies from between 5 to 10 years.

Did you know?

Hoopoes are now split into three separate species African, Madagascan and Eurasian. Hoopoes have even been found on Everest! They are best suited to warm temperatures and areas with low-intensity farming with minimum pesticide usage.

Enjoyed this content? Share it now

Quick Facts


Scientific name:

Upupa epops

Other names:

Eurasian Hoopoe, Common Hoopoe



Conservation status:

Not Assessed



26cm to 28cm


42cm to 46cm


47g to 87g

Learn more about the Hoopoe

Similar birds to a Hoopoe

Get the best of Birdfact

Brighten up your inbox with our exclusive newsletter, enjoyed by thousands of people from around the world.

Your information will be used in accordance with Birdfact's privacy policy. You may opt out at any time.

© 2024 - Birdfact. All rights reserved. No part of this site may be reproduced without our written permission.