Saker Falcon

Saker Falcon

Falco cherrug


The Saker Falcon is a powerful bird of prey, known for its fierce hunting prowess and striking plumage. Found across the vast landscapes of Eurasia, this raptor is a master of open spaces, where it soars high above the ground in search of a variety of prey. Even though it's admired for its strength and agility, the Saker Falcon is facing challenges in the wild and is a symbol of conservation efforts.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color


Primary Color (juvenile)


Secondary Colors

White, Black

Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

White, Black

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color

Dark Brown

Wing Color (juvenile)


Beak Type


Beak Color


Beak Color (juvenile)


Leg Color


Leg Color (juvenile)


Distinctive Markings

White underparts with brown streaks, dark brown upperparts. Females are similar to male but slightly larger.

Distinctive Markings (juvenile)

Less pronounced than adults

Tail Description

Long and grey

Tail Description (juvenile)

Long and grey

Size Metrics

45cm to 57cm


97cm to 126cm


730g to 1.3kg



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Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Series of high-pitched notes

Call Description

Loud, repeated 'klee-klee-klee' or 'kek-kek-kek'

Alarm Calls

Sharp, loud 'klee-klee-klee' or 'kek-kek-kek'

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Active during the day, hunting in the morning and evening

Social Habits

Solitary outside of breeding season

Territorial Behavior

Defends nesting and hunting territories

Migratory Patterns

Northern populations migrate south in winter

Interaction with Other Species

Occasionally interacts with other bird species


Primary Diet

Small Mammals, Birds, Rodents

Feeding Habits

Hunts from a perch or in flight, often taking prey in the air

Feeding Times

Dawn and dusk

Prey Capture Method

Stooping and pursuit

Diet Variations

Diet varies with location and prey availability

Special Dietary Needs (if any)



Nesting Location

Cliff ledges, tree nests, occasionally on the ground

Nest Construction

No nest, eggs laid in existing nest or on bare ground

Breeding Season

Spring, mainly April to May

Number of clutches (per breeding season)


Egg Appearance

Buff to reddish-brown with dark markings

Egg Size

Approximately 5cm x 4cm

Clutch Characteristics

2-6 eggs, usually three or five

Incubation Period

Around 30 days

Fledgling Period

Approximately 45-50 days

Parental Care

Female mainly incubates with male bringing her food, then both will feed nestlings

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Eurasia, from Eastern Europe to Western China

Habitat Description

Open landscapes, steppe, semi-desert, farmland

Elevation Range

Up to 4700m in Himalayas

Migration Patterns

Northern populations migrate south in winter


Grassland, Desert

Climate zones

Temperate, Subtropical

Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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