The redstart is a small member of the chat family, that has a distinctive orange-red tail - the tail is constantly shaking up and down. They are comparable in size to a robin. They 'bob' up and down similar to a robin, but do tend to spend a lot less time on the ground.
Males have grey upperparts, orange rump and chests and black wings and faces. Females and juveniles are a lot duller looking than the vibrant male. They have brownish-grey upperparts, lighter, orange-buff lower parts and a light eye-ring. Juveniles are a mottled brown and can be confused with other juvenile birds like; robins, nightingales and black redstarts.
In the winter months, both male and female redstarts are less black and more of a brown colour.
Their diets mainly consist of insects, but they'll also eat spiders, berries and worms.
Blue Rock Thrush
Widespread throughout Southern Europe, North Africa and Southern Asia, the blue rock thrush is a large sized chat which is predominantly sedentary, although a partial migrant within specific narrow geographical areas.
Also known as the Common Nightingale this member of the chat family is a relatively nondescript little bird that has charmed listeners with its powerful and varied song for generations.
The bluethroat is a member of the chat family and like the larger thrushes, falls under the scientific umbrella of Turdidae. Turdus in Latin means thrush. There are some 300 different species of chats and thrushes within the Turdidae family.
The UK has a small resident breeding population of black redstarts supplemented annually by passage migrants, overwintering birds and summer breeders. Often at home as a city dweller choosing derelict sites, old buildings and industrial areas, the black redstart will also choose cliff ledges, gorges, rock and scree habitats.