Family:Sandpipers, snipes and phalaropes
20cm to 22cm
40cm to 44cm
60g to 75g
The purple sandpiper is a medium-sized wading bird. They are darker and bigger in size than a dunlin. Upperparts are mainly grey and lower parts being more of a whitish colour. Legs are short and a vibrant orange and beaks are slightly curved downwards. When flying they display thin white wing-stripes.
Purple Sandpipers are generally winter visitors to the rocky coasts of UK, but a few pairs do nest in Scotland. You'll find the majority of these birds in areas like Shetland, Orkney, in northern England and the east coast of Scotland. You won't see much south of Yorkshire, until areas like Cornwall and Devon.
Their diets consist of winkles, crustaceans, insects, spiders and plants.
The Dunlin is a small wading bird from the sandpiper family Scolopacidae. Dunlins breed across North America and northern Europe, and Asia and are one of the most widely distributed wading birds, with ten subspecies.
Identified as being from a group of birds known as Waders, within North America they are generally referred to as Shorebirds. This monotypic species, a long distance migrant, is considered to have an Amber Conservation Status otherwise known as Near Threatened.
The largest European wading bird, the Eurasian curlew is easy to identify with its elongated bow-shaped bill and spindly legs. In winter groups of curlews known as ‘curfews’ forage together in coastal wetlands, and up to 66,000 pairs breed in the UK and are resident all year round.
Belonging to a group of birds generally called waders or shorebirds, the common sandpiper prefers freshwater habitats as opposed to saltwater locations.
An impressive, proud looking wader with particularly fine summer plumage which migrates south from its northern breeding grounds from July to October, returning for the summer from late February through April.
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