Sarus Crane

Sarus Crane

Antigone antigone

Vulnerable

Regarded as the world's tallest flying bird, the Sarus Crane is a majestic and striking creature native to parts of India, Southeast Asia, and Northern Australia. Renowned for its brilliant grey plumage, contrasting red head, and long, flowing tail, this bird is a symbol of fidelity and love in its native regions. It's a sight to behold in the wetlands and marshes, demonstrating an intriguing blend of grace and strength.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color

Grey

Primary Color (juvenile)

Brown

Secondary Colors

Red, Black

Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

Grey

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color

Grey

Wing Color (juvenile)

Brown

Beak Type

Long

Beak Color

Grey

Beak Color (juvenile)

Grey

Leg Color

Red

Leg Color (juvenile)

Grey

Distinctive Markings

Red head, long pointed bill

Distinctive Markings (juvenile)

Less bright, greyer plumage

Tail Description

Long, flowing tail feathers

Tail Description (juvenile)

Shorter tail feathers

Size Metrics

152cm to 176cm

Length

220cm to 280cm

Wingspan

5.2kg to 12.4kg

Weight

Photos

Click on an image below to see the full-size version

Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Loud trumpeting call

Call Description

Loud, trumpeting call, often in duet

Alarm Calls

Sharp, high-pitched call

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Foraging in wetlands during the day

Social Habits

Pairs or small family groups

Territorial Behavior

Defends territory during breeding season

Migratory Patterns

Some populations migrate short distances

Interaction with Other Species

Generally peaceful, except in breeding season

Diet

Primary Diet

Plants, Invertebrates

Feeding Habits

Forages in wetlands, often digging for roots

Feeding Times

Daytime

Prey Capture Method

Probing with beak

Diet Variations

Varies with season and location

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known

Nesting

Nesting Location

Wetlands

Nest Construction

Large platform of reeds and grasses

Breeding Season

Monsoon season

Number of clutches (per breeding season)

One

Egg Appearance

Large, dull white

Egg Size

10cm x 6cm

Clutch Characteristics

Usually 2 eggs, sometimes 3

Incubation Period

Around 31 days

Fledgling Period

85-100 days

Parental Care

Both parents incubate and care for chicks

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

India, Southeast Asia, Northern Australia

Habitat Description

Wetlands, marshes, rice fields

Elevation Range

Up to 300m

Migration Patterns

Some populations migrate short distances

Biome

Freshwater, Wetlands

Climate zones

Tropical, Subtropical

Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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