Brolga

Brolga

Antigone rubicunda

Least Concern

Known as Australia's very own dancing crane, the Brolga is a majestic bird renowned for its elaborate courtship rituals. With its distinctive grey plume and a head adorned with a patch of red, this bird is a captivating sight in wetlands and grasslands across Australia and New Guinea. The Brolga's trumpeting call and graceful dance have secured its spot as an iconic symbol of the Australian outback.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color

Grey

Primary Color (juvenile)

Grey

Secondary Colors

Red, White

Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

Red, White

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color

Grey

Wing Color (juvenile)

Grey

Beak Type

Long

Beak Color

Grey

Beak Color (juvenile)

Grey

Leg Color

Grey

Leg Color (juvenile)

Grey

Distinctive Markings

Reddish skin on the head

Distinctive Markings (juvenile)

Less pronounced than adults

Tail Description

Long, Grey

Tail Description (juvenile)

Grey

Size Metrics

100cm to 130cm

Length

200cm to 230cm

Wingspan

3.6kg to 8.7kg

Weight

Photos

Click on an image below to see the full-size version

Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Trumpeting call

Call Description

Loud and distinctive

Alarm Calls

Loud, trumpeting

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Feeding during the day, roosting at night

Social Habits

Gregarious, forming large flocks

Territorial Behavior

Defends breeding territory

Migratory Patterns

Moves locally in response to food availability

Interaction with Other Species

Generally peaceful, but can be aggressive during breeding

Diet

Primary Diet

Plants, Insects, Crustaceans

Feeding Habits

Forages on land and in shallow water

Feeding Times

Daytime

Prey Capture Method

Pecking and probing

Diet Variations

Diet varies with habitat and season

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known

Nesting

Nesting Location

On the ground, near water

Nest Construction

Large mound of vegetation

Breeding Season

Varies with location

Number of clutches (per breeding season)

One

Egg Appearance

Large, white cream with reddish brown markings

Egg Size

100mm x 60mm

Clutch Characteristics

Usually 2 eggs

Incubation Period

Around 30 days

Fledgling Period

Around 100 days

Parental Care

Both parents incubate and care for young

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Australia, New Guinea

Habitat Description

Wetlands, marshes, grasslands

Elevation Range

Sea level to 1000m

Migration Patterns

Moves locally in response to food availability

Biome

Wetlands, Grasslands

Climate zones

Tropical, Temperate

Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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