The long-tailed duck is a small sea duck and as the name suggests has long tail feathers. Their heads are small and round with straight-ish foreheads. In winter, males are predominately white with brown markings. Females are generally browner compared to males. When in flight, these ducks display their white bellies and dark wings.
These birds are visitors to the UK in winter and passage migrant. They're seen most commonly from northern Scotland to around Northumberland.
The long-tailed duck does not breed here in the UK, but it extremely important for their wintering sites to be protected as they are extremely vulnerable to oil pollution out at sea.
Their diets mainly consist of small fish, clams, crabs, cockles and mussels.
This large bird arrives on our shores from Iceland to overwinter in late September, returning northwards to breed from mid March onwards.
Larger than the Common Scoter this elegant European diving duck spends much of its time at sea and is often seen in company with mixed flocks resting on the water’s surface far out from land.
During the winter the population of this rare resident breeding duck increases by 55 times to that of the summer, with the influx of many thousands of others overwintering, having arrived from Russia and Eastern Europe.
A native of Japan and China, the mandarin duck was first introduced into the UK in the 18th century and started populations in the wild in the 1930’s following escapes from captivity. The UK population is estimated to be in the region of 7,000 birds.
Widespread throughout the northern hemisphere, the common merganser is the largest of the saw billed fish eating ducks. There are three sub-species with the Eurasian variant frequently known as the Goosander.
Regarded as being sacred by early Egyptians, this native goose of the African continent was introduced into Europe and elsewhere as an ornamental wildfowl species in the late seventeenth and eighteenth century.
The word scoter is often used to define northern sea ducks. There are six different species of scoter, all of which are monotypic and three of which are confined to North America. The Common Scoter like the Velvet Scoter can only be found in Europe and Asia whilst the Stejneger’s Scoter is a native of Asia alone.
This large bodied goose is both adaptable and social having been imported into Europe and Asia from its native lands in North America. A monogamous bird which pairs for life, it is considered a pest in some areas as being both messy and aggressive, particularly within urban environments.
Winter visitors to the UK, formerly considered a full species, but now considered a sub-species of the Tundra Swan.
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