Fish Crow

Fish Crow

Corvus ossifragus

Least Concern

The Fish Crow, a member of the Corvidae family, is a distinctive black bird known for its nasal call and striking all-black appearance. Predominantly found in the eastern and southeastern United States, this adaptable bird thrives in a variety of habitats, from forests and wetlands to urban areas. Whether scavenging on the ground or foraging in trees, the Fish Crow is a familiar sight and sound across its range.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color


Secondary Colors


Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color


Beak Type


Beak Color


Leg Color


Distinctive Markings

Entire body is black

Tail Description

Square or slightly rounded

Size Metrics

36cm to 40cm


70cm to 84cm


195g to 330g



Click on an image below to see the full-size version

Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Distinctive caw, often in series

Call Description

Short, nasal caw or yelp

Alarm Calls

Rapid cawing

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Active during the day, foraging on ground or in trees

Social Habits

Forms large flocks, especially outside breeding season

Territorial Behavior

Defends nest site

Migratory Patterns

Some populations migrate short distances south in winter

Interaction with Other Species

Interacts with various bird species in shared habitats


Primary Diet

Insects, Fruits, Seeds, Carrion, Crabs

Feeding Habits

Forages on ground or in trees, sometimes scavenges

Feeding Times

Throughout the day

Prey Capture Method

Picks up food with beak

Diet Variations

Diet varies with season and availability

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known


Nesting Location

Trees or shrubs

Nest Construction

Stick nest lined with softer materials

Breeding Season

April to July

Egg Appearance

Pale Blue-green with brown markings

Egg Size

Approximately 3cm x 4cm

Clutch Characteristics

2-6 eggs

Incubation Period

Around 18 days

Fledgling Period

4-5 weeks

Parental Care

Female solely incubates, but both parents care for young

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Eastern and southeastern United States

Habitat Description

Variety of habitats, including forests, wetlands, and urban areas

Elevation Range


Migration Patterns

Some populations migrate short distances south in winter


Forest, Wetlands, Urban

Climate zones


Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

© 2024 - Birdfact