Royal Albatross

Royal Albatross

Diomedea epomophora


Known for their majestic wingspan and striking contrast of black and white plumage, the Royal Albatross is an iconic and awe-inspiring presence across the Southern Ocean. As one of the largest flying birds, this magnificent albatross gracefully navigates the open sea, its compelling flight and solitary feeding habits making it a remarkable sight amidst the vast marine wilderness.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color


Secondary Colors


Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color


Beak Type


Beak Color


Leg Color


Distinctive Markings

Black upperwing, white body

Tail Description

White with black edges

Size Metrics

107cm to 123cm


290cm to 350cm


6.7kg to 11.4kg



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Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Loud, trumpeting calls

Call Description

Series of loud, shrill sounds

Alarm Calls

Sharp, distressing squawks

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Foraging, preening, resting at sea

Social Habits

Solitary when feeding, social at breeding colonies

Territorial Behavior

Defends nest site

Migratory Patterns

Widespread across Southern Ocean

Interaction with Other Species

Occasionally feeds with other seabirds


Primary Diet

Squid, Fish

Feeding Habits

Surface seizing and pursuit diving

Feeding Times

Day and night

Prey Capture Method

Surface seizing

Diet Variations

Diet varies with seasonal prey availability

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known


Nesting Location

Grassy slopes and ridges

Nest Construction

Bowl-shaped nest made of grass, moss, and soil

Breeding Season

October to November

Number of clutches (per breeding season)

Once every two years

Egg Appearance

Large, white

Egg Size

10cm x 7.5cm

Clutch Characteristics

Single egg laid

Incubation Period

Around 80 days

Fledgling Period

Approximately 8 months

Parental Care

Both parents share incubation and chick rearing

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Circumpolar distribution in Southern Ocean

Habitat Description

Open ocean, islands for breeding

Elevation Range

Sea level to 500m

Migration Patterns

Widespread across Southern Ocean


Marine, Coastal

Climate zones

Polar, Temperate

Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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