Monk Parakeet

Monk Parakeet

Myiopsitta monachus

Least Concern

The Monk Parakeet is a vibrant, green-feathered bird native to South America. It's recognized for its robust communal nests, unique among parrots, and its successful adaptation to urban and suburban environments around the globe, which is why it's establishing successful populations where introduced.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color


Primary Color (juvenile)


Secondary Colors

Grey, Blue

Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

Grey, Blue

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color


Wing Color (juvenile)


Beak Type


Beak Color


Beak Color (juvenile)


Leg Color


Leg Color (juvenile)


Distinctive Markings

Blue flight feathers, grey breast and cheeks

Distinctive Markings (juvenile)

Less pronounced than adults

Tail Description

Long and tapered

Tail Description (juvenile)


Size Metrics

29cm to 30cm


48cm to 53cm


90g to 120g



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Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Loud, distinctive squawk

Call Description

Variety of squawks, chirps, and whistles

Alarm Calls

Sharp, repetitive chirp

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Active during the day, foraging in the morning and evening

Social Habits

Highly social, lives in large flocks

Territorial Behavior

Defends nesting sites

Migratory Patterns

Does not migrate

Interaction with Other Species

Generally peaceful but can be aggressive when defending nests


Primary Diet

Seeds, Fruits, Nuts

Feeding Habits

Forages in trees and on the ground

Feeding Times

Early morning and late afternoon

Prey Capture Method

Uses beak to crack open seeds and nuts

Diet Variations

Varies with season and location

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known


Nesting Location

In trees or on man-made structures

Nest Construction

Large, communal stick nest

Breeding Season


Number of clutches (per breeding season)

One to two

Egg Appearance


Egg Size

Approximately 3cm x 2cm

Clutch Characteristics

4-8 eggs

Incubation Period

Around 24 days

Fledgling Period

Approximately 6 weeks

Parental Care

Both parents incubate eggs and feed chicks

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Native to South America, has established populations in North America, Europe, and Asia

Habitat Description

Open woodland, parks, suburban areas

Elevation Range

Sea level to 1000m

Migration Patterns

Does not migrate


Urban, Suburban, Forest

Climate zones

Tropical, Temperate

Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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