Apostlebird

Apostlebird

Struthidea cinerea

Least Concern

Commonly known as the 'Grey Jumper', the Apostlebird is an enchanting bird native to Australia. Renowned for their sociable nature and cooperative breeding, these birds are often seen in groups, chattering away in a musical cacophony. With their distinctive grey and black plumage, they are a familiar sight in woodlands, farmlands, and suburban areas across the continent.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color

Grey

Primary Color (juvenile)

Grey

Secondary Colors

Black, White

Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

Black, White

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color

Brown

Wing Color (juvenile)

Black

Beak Type

Short

Beak Color

Black

Beak Color (juvenile)

Black

Leg Color

Black

Leg Color (juvenile)

Black

Distinctive Markings

Black wings and tail with grey body

Distinctive Markings (juvenile)

Less pronounced than adults

Tail Description

Long and black

Tail Description (juvenile)

Shorter than adults

Size Metrics

29cm to 33cm

Length

43cm to 48cm

Wingspan

110g to 155g

Weight

Photos

Click on an image below to see the full-size version

Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Loud and musical

Call Description

A series of whistles, chirps and chatters

Alarm Calls

Loud and sharp calls

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Active during the day, foraging for food

Social Habits

Highly social, often seen in groups

Territorial Behavior

Defends their territories and nests

Migratory Patterns

Non-migratory

Interaction with Other Species

Generally peaceful, but can be aggressive during breeding season

Diet

Primary Diet

Seeds, Insects, Fruits

Feeding Habits

Forages on the ground

Feeding Times

Throughout the day

Prey Capture Method

Picking from the ground

Diet Variations

Diet varies with season and location

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known

Nesting

Nesting Location

Trees or shrubs

Nest Construction

Mud bowl lined with grass

Breeding Season

August to February

Number of clutches (per breeding season)

Up to two

Egg Appearance

Pale bluish white with dark spots

Egg Size

3cm x 2cm

Clutch Characteristics

3-5 eggs

Incubation Period

19-20 days

Fledgling Period

Approximately 3 weeks

Parental Care

Both parents and helpers from the group care for chicks, females mainly incubate

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Australia

Habitat Description

Woodlands, farmlands and suburban areas

Elevation Range

Sea level to 1000m

Migration Patterns

Non-migratory

Biome

Forest, Grassland, Savanna

Climate zones

Warm Temperate, Subtropical

Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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