Australian Magpie

Australian Magpie

Gymnorhina tibicen

Least Concern

Adorning the skies and lands of Australia, the Australian Magpie is a striking black and white bird known for its rich, melodious song. This sociable bird, often found in large groups, is a familiar sight in open country, parks, and gardens. With an impressive lifespan and stable population, the Australian Magpie holds a firm place in Australia's wildlife, enchanting locals and visitors alike with its distinctive markings and enchanting calls.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color

Black

Secondary Colors

White

Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color

Black

Beak Type

Long

Beak Color

White

Leg Color

Black

Distinctive Markings

White collar, white on wings and tail

Tail Description

Long and white-tipped

Size Metrics

37cm to 43cm

Length

65cm to 85cm

Wingspan

210g to 360g

Weight

Photos

Click on an image below to see the full-size version

Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Rich and varied carolling

Call Description

A beautiful, melodious song, often performed in groups

Alarm Calls

Loud, harsh squawks

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Active during the day, foraging on the ground for insects and small animals

Social Habits

Live in groups of up to 24 individuals

Territorial Behavior

Defend their territory aggressively, particularly during breeding season

Migratory Patterns

Non-migratory

Interaction with Other Species

Often dominant over other species

Diet

Primary Diet

Insects, Worms, Small Mammals

Feeding Habits

Forages on the ground, often flipping over objects to find food

Feeding Times

Throughout the day

Prey Capture Method

Picks up with beak

Diet Variations

Will also eat seeds and fruit

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known

Nesting

Nesting Location

High in trees

Nest Construction

Bowl-shaped nest made of sticks and lined with grass

Breeding Season

June to March, but mainly August to December

Number of clutches (per breeding season)

Usually one, but sometimes two

Egg Appearance

Pale blue or green, speckled

Egg Size

Approximately 3.8cm x 2.7cm

Clutch Characteristics

3-4 eggs

Incubation Period

Around 21 days

Fledgling Period

Around 4 weeks

Parental Care

Female solely incubates, both parents care for chicks

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea

Habitat Description

Open country, parks, gardens

Elevation Range

Sea level to 1000m

Migration Patterns

Non-migratory

Biome

Temperate Forest, Grassland

Climate zones

Temperate, Subtropical

Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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