House Finch

House Finch

Haemorhous mexicanus

Least Concern

Often spotted in urban and suburban areas, the House Finch is a vibrant bird native to North America. With its warm red coloring and melodic song, it brings a touch of nature's charm into the bustling city life. This sociable finch is known for its adaptability, thriving in varied habitats from Canada to Mexico.

Appearance and Identification

Primary Color


Primary Color (female)


Primary Color (juvenile)


Secondary Colors

Brown, White

Secondary Colors (female)

White, Black

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

White, Black

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color


Wing Color (female)


Wing Color (juvenile)


Beak Type


Beak Color

Light Grey

Beak Color (female)

Light Grey

Beak Color (juvenile)

Light Grey

Leg Color

Pinkish Brown

Leg Color (female)

Pinkish Brown

Leg Color (juvenile)

Pinkish Brown

Distinctive Markings

Red forehead, throat and breast in males

Distinctive Markings (female)

Streaked underparts, no red coloring

Distinctive Markings (juvenile)

Streaked underparts

Tail Description

Short and notched

Tail Description (female)

Short and notched

Tail Description (juvenile)

Short and notched

Size Metrics

13cm to 15cm


20cm to 25cm


16g to 27g



Click on an image below to see the full-size version

Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Warbled song

Call Description

Variety of chirps and trills, often repetitive

Alarm Calls

Sharp cheeps

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Active during the day, roosting in trees at night

Social Habits

Social, often found in large flocks

Territorial Behavior

Defends nesting sites

Migratory Patterns


Interaction with Other Species

Mixed with other finch species


Primary Diet

Seeds, Berries

Feeding Habits

Feeds in trees, shrubs, and on the ground

Feeding Times

Throughout the day

Prey Capture Method


Diet Variations

Supplements diet with insects during breeding season

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known


Nesting Location

In trees, shrubs, or on buildings

Nest Construction

Loose, open cup of twigs and grasses

Breeding Season

April to August

Number of clutches (per breeding season)

Up to three, sometimes more

Egg Appearance

Small, pale blue-green with few black spots

Egg Size

Approximately 2cm x 1.5cm

Clutch Characteristics

2-7 eggs

Incubation Period

Around 14 days

Fledgling Period

Approximately 2 weeks

Parental Care

Both parents feed chicks, females incubate the eggs and males will feed the female

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

North America, from Canada to Mexico

Habitat Description

Urban and suburban areas, farmland, forest edges

Elevation Range

Sea level to 2000m

Migration Patterns



Urban, Suburban, Farmland, Forest edge

Climate zones


Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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