Grey Parrot

Grey Parrot

Psittacus erithacus


Famed for their intelligent mimicry and striking red tail, the Grey Parrot is a captivating resident of Central and West Africa's lush habitats. As the continent's most illustrious parrot, this alluring bird navigates through the rainforests and savannahs, its vibrant plumage and astute foraging making it a remarkable spectacle amidst Africa's abundant birdlife.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color


Primary Color (juvenile)


Secondary Colors

White, Dark Grey

Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

White, Black

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color


Wing Color (juvenile)


Beak Type


Beak Color


Beak Color (juvenile)


Leg Color


Leg Color (juvenile)


Distinctive Markings

Bright red tail feathers

Distinctive Markings (juvenile)

Less bright red tail feathers

Tail Description

Short and rounded

Tail Description (juvenile)

Less rounded

Size Metrics

33cm to 40cm


46cm to 52cm


400g to 550g



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Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Varied, known for mimicking human speech and sounds

Call Description

Wide range of whistles, squawks, and mimicry

Alarm Calls

Loud, harsh squawks

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Active during the day, resting in the afternoon

Social Habits

Live in pairs or small groups

Territorial Behavior

Defends nesting and feeding territories

Migratory Patterns

Local movements related to food availability

Interaction with Other Species

Interacts with other bird species in feeding areas


Primary Diet

Seeds, Fruits, Nuts

Feeding Habits

Forages in trees and on the ground

Feeding Times

Morning and evening

Prey Capture Method

Uses beak to manipulate and crack open food items

Diet Variations

Varies with habitat and season

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

Requires a varied diet for optimal health


Nesting Location

Tree cavities

Nest Construction

Simple, lined with wood chips

Breeding Season

Depends on the region, typically during the dry season

Number of clutches (per breeding season)


Egg Appearance

White, elliptical

Egg Size

Approximately 4cm x 3cm

Clutch Characteristics

2-3 eggs

Incubation Period

Around 30 days

Fledgling Period

Approximately 12-15 weeks, but will stay with parents for at least 30 more days

Parental Care

In majority of pairs, males feed the females whilst incubating. Once hatched, both parents feed chicks

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Central and West Africa

Habitat Description

Rainforests, mangroves, savannahs

Elevation Range

Up to 2200 meters

Migration Patterns

Local movements related to food availability


Rainforest, Savannah

Climate zones


Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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