Chestnut Munia

Chestnut Munia

Lonchura atricapilla

Least Concern

The Chestnut Munia, often called the Black-headed Munia, is a captivating small bird native to tropical Asia. This charming bird, recognized by its chestnut-colored body and contrasting black head, thrives in open habitats from grasslands to villages. Known for their social nature, these munias often mix with other species, adding a lively element to their surroundings.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color

Chestnut

Primary Color (juvenile)

Brown

Secondary Colors

Black

Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

Black, White

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color

Chestnut

Wing Color (juvenile)

Brown

Beak Type

Short

Beak Color

Grey

Beak Color (juvenile)

Grey

Leg Color

Grey

Leg Color (juvenile)

Grey

Distinctive Markings

Black head and upper breast

Distinctive Markings (juvenile)

Less pronounced, paler

Tail Description

Short and square

Tail Description (juvenile)

Short and square

Size Metrics

11cm to 12cm

Length

14cm to 17cm

Wingspan

10g to 15g

Weight

Photos

Click on an image below to see the full-size version

Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Soft, high-pitched whistle

Call Description

Series of soft, high-pitched whistles

Alarm Calls

Sharp chirp

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Active during the day

Social Habits

Flocks, often mixed with other species

Territorial Behavior

Not territorial

Migratory Patterns

None

Interaction with Other Species

Congenial, mixes with other species

Diet

Primary Diet

Seeds, Grains

Feeding Habits

Forages in grasses and on the ground

Feeding Times

Morning and late afternoon

Prey Capture Method

Picks seeds off stems or from ground

Diet Variations

None

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None

Nesting

Nesting Location

Grasslands, bushes, trees

Nest Construction

Woven grasses into a ball-shaped nest

Breeding Season

Varies with location

Egg Appearance

White

Egg Size

1.5cm x 1.1cm

Clutch Characteristics

4-7 eggs

Incubation Period

13-14 days

Fledgling Period

21 days

Parental Care

Both parents incubate and feed the young

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Tropical Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia and the Philippines

Habitat Description

Open habitats, grasslands, scrub, secondary growth, also towns and villages

Elevation Range

Sea level to 1500m

Migration Patterns

None

Biome

Tropical, Subtropical

Climate zones

Tropical, Subtropical

Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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