Red-browed Finch

Red-browed Finch

Neochmia temporalis

Least Concern

The Red-browed Finch, a vibrant and sociable bird, is a common sight in the woodlands and gardens of Eastern Australia. Recognizable by its striking red brow and cheerful chirps, this small bird is admired for its lively flocks and distinctive green plumage. It is a delightful example of Australia's rich avian diversity, often seen flitting among trees and grasses in search of seeds and insects.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color

Olive Green

Secondary Colors

Red, Grey

Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color

Olive Green

Beak Type

Cone-shaped

Beak Color

Red

Leg Color

Pink

Distinctive Markings

Red forehead, lores, and mandible; green upperparts and tail

Tail Description

Long and narrow

Size Metrics

10cm to 12cm

Length

15cm to 18cm

Wingspan

12g to 16g

Weight

Photos

Click on an image below to see the full-size version

Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

High-pitched, melodious whistle

Call Description

A series of melodious notes often repeated

Alarm Calls

Sharp, short chirps

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Active during the day, foraging in small groups

Social Habits

Forms small flocks, sometimes mixed with other finch species

Territorial Behavior

Not highly territorial, but defends feeding areas

Migratory Patterns

Limited local movements

Interaction with Other Species

Interacts peacefully with other small birds

Diet

Primary Diet

Seeds, Fruits, Insects

Feeding Habits

Feeds both on the ground and in trees

Feeding Times

Primarily in the morning and late afternoon

Prey Capture Method

Picking from foliage or ground

Diet Variations

Varies seasonally depending on food availability

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known

Nesting

Nesting Location

In dense shrubs or trees, often near water

Nest Construction

Small, domed structure with side entrance

Breeding Season

Spring and early summer

Egg Appearance

White with fine speckles

Egg Size

Approximately 1.5cm x 2cm

Clutch Characteristics

4-6 eggs per clutch

Incubation Period

Approximately 12-14 days

Fledgling Period

Around 21 days

Parental Care

Both parents feed and care for young

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

Eastern Australia, from Queensland to South Australia

Habitat Description

Grassy woodlands, forests, and gardens

Elevation Range

Lowland to mid-elevation

Migration Patterns

Limited local movements

Biome

Woodland, Grassland

Climate zones

Temperate

Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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