Northern Mockingbird

Northern Mockingbird

Mimus polyglottos

Least Concern

Known as the lyricist of the bird world, the Northern Mockingbird is a common sight across North America. With its striking gray and white plumage and an unmatched ability to mimic a variety of sounds, this bird adds a melodious soundtrack to suburban gardens and wild landscapes alike.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color


Primary Color (juvenile)


Secondary Colors


Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)


Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color


Wing Color (juvenile)


Beak Type


Beak Color


Beak Color (juvenile)


Leg Color


Leg Color (juvenile)


Distinctive Markings

White wing patches and outer tail feathers

Distinctive Markings (juvenile)

Spotted underparts

Tail Description

Long tail with white outer feathers

Tail Description (juvenile)

Long with white outer feathers

Size Metrics

21cm to 28cm


31cm to 38cm


40g to 58g



Click on an image below to see the full-size version

Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Song is a series of musical phrases, each repeated several times

Call Description

Calls include a harsh 'chew'

Alarm Calls

Rapid, harsh chatters and sharp 'chew' notes

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Active during the day, with peak activity in the early morning and late afternoon

Social Habits

Solitary or in pairs

Territorial Behavior

Highly territorial, especially during breeding season

Migratory Patterns

Some populations migrate short distances

Interaction with Other Species

Aggressive towards other birds entering its territory


Primary Diet

Insects, Berries

Feeding Habits

Forages on the ground and in trees and shrubs

Feeding Times

Primarily during the day

Prey Capture Method

Catching insects in flight or on the ground

Diet Variations

Diet varies with season and food availability

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known


Nesting Location

Shrubs, trees, or on man-made structures

Nest Construction

Made of twigs and lined with softer materials

Breeding Season

Spring to early summer

Number of clutches (per breeding season)

Usually between two and four

Egg Appearance

Pale blue-green with dark spots

Egg Size

2cm x 3cm

Clutch Characteristics

Usually 3-5 eggs

Incubation Period

12-13 days

Fledgling Period

12-13 days

Parental Care

Both parents feed and protect the young

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

North America, from southern Canada to Mexico

Habitat Description

Open country with thickets and shrubs, suburban areas

Elevation Range

Sea level to 1000m

Migration Patterns

Some populations migrate short distances


Temperate Forest, Suburban

Climate zones


Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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