Lineated Woodpecker

Lineated Woodpecker

Dryocopus lineatus

Least Concern

Known for its distinctive 'kuk-kuk-kuk' call, the Lineated Woodpecker is a striking bird found across the Americas and a real life 'Woody Woodpecker'. Its bold black plumage, accented with white stripes and a vibrant red crest, makes it a standout in forests and parks alike. This solitary woodpecker is a master carpenter, skillfully drilling into wood to find food and create nests.

Appearance and Identification

Primary Color

Black

Primary Color (female)

Black

Primary Color (juvenile)

Brown

Secondary Colors

White, Red

Secondary Colors (female)

White, Red

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

White

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color

Black

Wing Color (female)

Black

Wing Color (juvenile)

Brown

Beak Type

Chisel-shaped

Beak Color

Grey

Beak Color (female)

Grey

Beak Color (juvenile)

Grey

Leg Color

Grey

Leg Color (female)

Grey

Leg Color (juvenile)

Grey

Distinctive Markings

White stripes on wings and neck, red crest

Distinctive Markings (female)

Lacks the red malar stripe

Distinctive Markings (juvenile)

Less pronounced than adults

Tail Description

Black with white stripes

Tail Description (female)

Black with white stripes

Tail Description (juvenile)

Brown with white stripes

Size Metrics

31cm to 36cm

Length

50cm to 60cm

Wingspan

136g to 264g

Weight

Photos

Click on an image below to see the full-size version

Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Loud, repetitive 'kuk-kuk-kuk' sound

Call Description

A series of loud, rapid calls, often repeated

Alarm Calls

Sharp, short shrieks signaling distress or alert

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Primarily active during the day, foraging for food in the morning and evening

Social Habits

Mostly solitary, occasionally forms pairs or small groups during breeding season

Territorial Behavior

Defends feeding and nesting territories, especially during mating season

Migratory Patterns

Non-migratory

Interaction with Other Species

Occasionally interacts with other bird species, particularly in feeding areas

Diet

Primary Diet

Insects, Berries

Feeding Habits

Forages in trees, often tapping on wood to find insects

Feeding Times

Throughout the day

Prey Capture Method

Uses beak to drill into wood and extract insects

Diet Variations

Varies with location and season

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known

Nesting

Nesting Location

Holes in trees

Nest Construction

Drills a hole in a tree for nesting

Breeding Season

Spring

Number of clutches (per breeding season)

One

Egg Appearance

White

Egg Size

Approximately 3cm x 2cm

Clutch Characteristics

2-4 eggs

Incubation Period

Around 14 days

Fledgling Period

Approximately 4 weeks

Parental Care

Both parents incubate eggs, with males incubating during the night, and both feed chicks

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

South America, Central America, and Southern North America

Habitat Description

Forests, plantations, and parks

Elevation Range

Up to 2000m

Migration Patterns

Non-migratory

Biome

Forest, Suburban

Climate zones

Tropical, Subtropical

Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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