Dwarf Cassowary

Dwarf Cassowary

Casuarius bennetti

Near Threatened

Known for its vibrant blue neck and powerful stature, the Dwarf Cassowary is a remarkable dweller of New Guinea's mountain forests and swamps. As the smallest member of the cassowary family, this intriguing bird roams the forest floor, its distinctive black plumage and helmet like casque making it a unique spectacle amidst New Guinea's abundant wildlife.

Appearance and Identification

Males and females have similar plumage

Primary Color


Secondary Colors


Secondary Colors (female)

Secondary Colors (juvenile)

Secondary Colors (seasonal)

Wing Color


Beak Type


Beak Color


Leg Color


Distinctive Markings

Blue skin on neck and head, black plumage, helmet-like casque on head

Tail Description


Size Metrics

100cm to 110cm


17kg to 20kg



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Vocalization and Sounds

Primary Calls

Low booming sounds

Call Description

Deep, resonating sounds that can be heard over long distances

Alarm Calls

Loud hisses

Behavior and Social Structure

Daily Activities

Forages for food throughout the day

Social Habits

Solitary, except during mating season

Territorial Behavior

Defends its territory aggressively

Migratory Patterns


Interaction with Other Species

Interactions are rare and often aggressive


Primary Diet

Fruit, Invertebrates, Small Animals

Feeding Habits

Forages on the forest floor

Feeding Times


Prey Capture Method

Pecks and grabs with beak

Diet Variations

Diet varies based on availability of food

Special Dietary Needs (if any)

None known


Nesting Location

Ground nests in the forest

Nest Construction

Shallow depression in the ground lined with leaves

Breeding Season

Varies, but often during the rainy season

Number of clutches (per breeding season)


Egg Appearance

Greenish-blue, shiny

Egg Size

Approximately 9cm x 14cm

Clutch Characteristics

3-5 eggs

Incubation Period

Around 50 days

Fledgling Period

Approximately 9 months

Parental Care

Male incubates eggs and cares for chicks

Distribution and Habitat

Geographic Range

New Guinea and surrounding islands

Habitat Description

Mountain forests and swamps

Elevation Range

Up to 3300 meters

Migration Patterns



Tropical rainforest

Climate zones


Distribution Map

Please note, this range and distribution map is a high-level overview, and doesn't break down into specific regions and areas of the countries.

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